As a fourth-generation explosives knowledgeable, Anthony Konya has mine blasting is in his blood.
“My great-great grandfather was a properly blaster in Hungary,” Konya says. “They used to decrease him down right into a properly in a bucket. He’d plant the dynamite, gentle the security fuse and hope somebody would pull him up earlier than it went off.”
However know-how has since improved these strategies considerably, he famous.
As a historic footnote, blasting started in Hungary within the yr 1627, and Konya is 100% Hungarian.
His nice grandfather was a mining and metallurgical engineer in Ohio, and his grandfather a mining engineer who based the Worldwide Society of Explosives Engineers.
“Since I used to be about two years previous I’ve been out on blasts at totally different mine websites and development initiatives,” Konya says.
After rising up in Ohio, Konya lived in Missouri, Louisiana and New Mexico, working with Cargill and Freeport McMoran. On the Missouri College of Science and Know-how, Kona accomplished bachelor’s, grasp’s and PhD levels in mining engineering and was later an adjunct professor on the Colorado College of Mines.
Kona has since grow to be a essential marketing consultant for the explosives trade as founder and CEO of Academy Blasting, working internationally in coal, gold, silver and copper mines, teaching managers and technicians on the best way to use explosives most safely and effectively.
Konya has authored the net, on-demand Introduction to Blasting course at Edumine for 2 years, teaching on fashionable strategies which have changed previous ideas to allow blasters and engineers to make vital enhancements to the drilling and blasting course of. Right here’s a glimpse of the syllabus:
Q: What can professionals count on from the Introduction to Blasting course?
Konya: Blasting is the center of the mining trade. With out it, there’s no method that we might do what we do. I feel it’s the cornerstone of your complete trade. The best way that you just blast goes to find out every part out of your slope stability to your crushing, your grinding, to every part you do this determines your work segmentation. [Blasting] is step one, and with out it, we wouldn’t have mining anyplace close to the size we do in the present day.
Q: Who can profit most from the course?
Konya: Anybody transferring right into a mining position on the engineering or administration stage that has restricted expertise in drilling and blasting. You need to have blasting proper — even should you’re not working within the blasting area, this course is ready in a method that will get you up to the mark sufficient that you would be able to rapidly and simply consider — is the blasting at mine website right?
Q: What has modified in blasting strategies over the previous few years?
Konya: There have been lots of adjustments. During the last 5 years we’ve seen a big enhance in the usage of digital detonators. From a blasting perspective, it has allowed us to actually hone in and design higher blasts with extra flexibility within the timing. They’ve additionally led to some safer manufacturing as a result of there may be further testing.
We’ve had some latest improvements within the precise explosives we’re utilizing, so the emulsions we’re utilizing are higher and final for longer intervals of time. They’re additionally extra highly effective.
The drilling know-how has additionally improved, and we’re seeing lots of new software program management programs, with drills outfitted with lots of further sensors, we’re capable of higher choose up the rock. New softwares are capable of pull that in, with drone imagery, put collectively utilizing synthetic intelligence, to [tell] what that rock is doing. We will take a look at previous blast outcomes and actually be capable to inform what occurred … and decide how that [next] blast goes to perform.
Q: How does ESG issue into present blasting strategies?
Konya: There was latest work completed on what’s referred to as ‘inexperienced explosives.’ It’s utilizing hydrogen peroxide to make emulsion explosives that eliminates all of the poisonous fumes from blasts and pulls nitrates out.
In these new inexperienced explosive initiatives, we’re taking a look at growing explosives that, underground or floor, are going to provide much less poisonous fumes. The tip objective is to fully get rid of poisonous fumes, not less than as a lot as is possible. It can eliminate lots of the massive clouds above the blasts from the nitrogen oxide. Carbon monoxides are additionally significantly decreased.
One thing that we’ve been getting so much higher at in blasting is the social facet — blasting is one thing that might probably derive some hazard to native communities — we’ve been utilizing totally different AI programs and softwares, monitoring how a lot explosive we’re placing down.
Q: What are some misconceptions about blasting?
Konya: There’s all the time been a foul view of blasting that if you need higher efficiency, you need to spend extra money. The powder issue design mentioned — if you need higher fragmentation, much less floor vibration and any elements essential, put extra explosive within the floor. It was an exceptional gross sales pitch, however it didn’t work.
Right this moment, we perceive blasting higher, the engineering rules and the fashionable strategies and approaches. We will change how we design a blast to get higher efficiency, whereas truly utilizing much less explosives.