The primary fossil-free metal on this planet has been delivered by Swedish steelmaker SSAB Oxelösund to its first buyer, Volvo Group.
The product was manufactured in northern Sweden, utilizing the Hybrit know-how, which was developed by SSAB in partnership with iron-ore miner LKAB and utility Vattenfall. The know-how makes use of 100% fossil-free hydrogen as an alternative of coal and coke.
Volvo has mentioned that this yr, it would begin manufacturing the primary idea autos and machines with metal from SSAB utilizing hydrogen. Plans are for smaller-scale serial manufacturing to begin throughout 2022 and for a gradual escalation in the direction of mass manufacturing to comply with.
The carmaker and the steelmaker can even work collectively in analysis and improvement to optimize using metal in Volvo’s merchandise with regard to weight and high quality. Collectively, the 2 corporations will develop quite a lot of merchandise of fossil-free metal with the aim of reaching serial manufacturing inside a couple of years.
“Newly made fossil-free metal from SSAB will likely be an necessary complement to the normal and recycled metal utilized in Volvo’s vans, building tools and different merchandise,” Volvo introduced in a media assertion. “Fossil-free metal will likely be made by a totally new know-how utilizing fossil-free electrical energy and hydrogen. The outcome will likely be a a lot decrease local weather impression and a fossil-free worth chain. The metal trade considers that the necessity for metal will develop considerably in the long run and that newly made fossil-free metal will likely be wanted to fulfill this demand.”
The Hybrit know-how Volvo is referring to stands for Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Expertise and it was created in 2016. Nevertheless, it was in June 2021 when the businesses growing it have been capable of showcase the world’s first hydrogen-reduced sponge iron produced at Hybrit’s pilot plant in Luleå. This was the uncooked materials used to fabricate the so-called ‘inexperienced metal.’
Intimately, the pilot plant in Luleå has a direct discount shaft and quite a lot of electrolyzers for the manufacturing of hydrogen utilizing fossil-free electrical energy. This hydrogen is employed to take away oxygen from iron ore pellets, which is a prerequisite for metal manufacturing.
To provide the pellets, Hybrit provided LKAB’s current plant in Malmberget with a particular tank for bio-oil in addition to related piping programs, making it the world’s first fossil-free pellet plant.
Based on the corporations behind this endeavour, their aim is to ship fossil-free metal to the market and reveal the know-how on an industrial scale as early as 2026. They consider that by utilizing the Hybrit know-how, SSAB has the potential to scale back Sweden’s complete carbon dioxide emissions by roughly 10% and Finland’s by roughly 7%.
“It is a essential milestone and an necessary step in the direction of creating a totally fossil-free worth chain from mine to completed metal,” Jan Moström, LKAB president and CEO, mentioned in a media assertion. “By industrializing this know-how sooner or later and making the transition to the manufacturing of sponge iron on an industrial scale, we are going to allow the metal trade to make the transition. That is the best factor we will do collectively for the local weather.”