The 4680 is a soda can sized cell with a nickel-cobalt-manganese (NCM) cathode and is already powering the 84.6 kWh efficiency model of its Mannequin Y assembled in Texas.
The Cybertruck AWD and high quality Cyberbeast mannequin up that capability to 122.4 kWh, in keeping with Tesla filings with the US EPA.
Consumers can add a individually put in vary extender to get the truck near the 800km (500mi) driving vary initially promised and qualify it for Biden administration’s $7,500 subsidy scheme till the bottom mannequin turns into obtainable.
There is no such thing as a agency quantity on the pre-orders Tesla has obtained. A crowdsourced tally put it as excessive as two million – a determine that’s now broadly quoted within the press – whereas Musk confirmed it’s over a million.
Given the hype surrounding the Cybertruck, two million followers who solely needed to put down $100 (now $250) for the privilege doesn’t sound outlandish.
What number of Cybertrucks Tesla can produce can also be removed from being bolted down.
Tesla instructed traders final yr the corporate can produce wherever between 250,000 and 500,000 items per yr, however put in capability at Giga Texas for this yr is reportedly solely 125,000.
Elon Musk did admit in December that the Texas plant was in “manufacturing hell” and Tesla has a well-earned fame for overpromising and underdelivering, however in 2023, Tesla did handle to up manufacturing 35% to 1.85 million autos.
No matter model-version, Tesla’s triangle truck is a battery metals beast.
If Tesla produces 125,000 Cybertrucks this yr, the corporate would have needed to procure round 14,000 tonnes of graphite, 11,000 tonnes of nickel, 10,000 tonnes of lithium carbonate equal, 1,400 tonnes of cobalt and 1,300 tonnes of manganese, in keeping with information from Adamas Intelligence, Toronto-based EV provide chain analysis consultants.
Simply doable and at present costs for these battery metals a discount, even should you have in mind yields all the best way up and down the provision chain. Cell manufacture is notoriously difficult and as a lot as 30% of the uncooked materials getting into by the manufacturing unit finally ends up as black mass.
On the low finish of Tesla’s Cybertruck manufacturing goal – 250,000 – mining rapidly turns into a weightier matter for the corporate now price simply $582 billion in New York after a horrendous begin to 2024.
Add in these Cybertruck house owners who decide for an additional pack within the again and there are tonnes of explanation why Tesla might think about upping its mining investments.
Beneath this state of affairs – nonetheless extremely conservative given the immense curiosity within the Cybertruck – Tesla wants your entire nickel output of Glencore’s Murrin Murrin mine in Western Australia and over half its cobalt.
Fulfill the million preorders and Tesla must offtake 100% of Glencore’s annual nickel manufacturing, which the Swiss miner stated might be between 80,000 and 90,000 tonnes in 2024 and every part Mutanda produced final yr.
Two million? Hope that no-one orders the vary extender and Cybertruck meeting strains would wish so as to add half a Norilsk for the nickel (presuming it’s allowed into Texas then) and two-thirds of Glencore’s total cobalt manufacturing.
Completed stainless-steel is about 8%-10% nickel – so there’s that too.
Battery day and evening
Pure graphite has been by itself wild journey – down some $300 from this time final yr to the early $500s a tonne now.
To energy 1 million Cybertrucks, Tesla wants the pure graphite of the world’s quantity two producing nation, Madagascar, in keeping with the USGS.
If most drivers wish to go the additional mile add half the output of world quantity three Mozambique or most of fourth-ranked Brazil.
Very like people who mine the satan’s copper and the goblin’s ore, lithium mining corporations – and their traders – have gone by seven heavens and 9 circles of hell for the reason that Cybertruck’s 2019 debut.
Lithium carbonate equal was exchanging palms for $8,500 a tonne on the time on a worldwide weighted common foundation, in keeping with Benchmark Mineral Intelligence, a London-based value reporting company and satellite tv for pc battery manufacturing unit tracker.
November 2022 LCE topped $80,000 a tonne. At this time it’s round $14,400 a tonne.
In relation to LCE, a million Cybertrucks with no massive black field within the again, want one Greenbushes, the world’s largest laborious rock lithium mine.
That’s, supplied the Sino-Australian enterprise doesn’t reduce additional on manufacturing to journey out the downturn.